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Scoliosis is a condition characterized by an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine. It is typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence but can also be identified in adults. The human spine naturally has curves in the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar regions that help absorb shock and allow for flexibility. In scoliosis, these curves are exaggerated sideways forming a "C" or "S" shape rather than a straight line down the back. This curvature can occur in any part of the spine but is most commonly found in the thoracic (mid-back) and lumbar (lower back) regions. The vertebrae may also rotate or twist, compounding the deformity and potentially affecting the individual's posture, walking pattern and overall physical appearance.

Scoliosis Xray

The exact cause of scoliosis is unknown and in most cases it is classified as idiopathic (arising spontaneously) scoliosis. However, some factors and conditions are associated with the development of scoliosis including:

• Genetic predisposition, suggesting a hereditary component

• Neuromuscular conditions, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy

• Congenital spinal deformities present at birth

• Connective tissue disorders

• Injury or infection of the spine

Symptoms of scoliosis vary depending on the severity of the curvature and may include visible signs like uneven shoulders, waist, hips, as well as more subtle symptoms like back pain, discomfort and fatigue after standing or sitting for long periods.

Scoliosis Pain

Treatment for scoliosis is highly individualized based on factors such as the age of the patient, degree and pattern of the curve and the likelihood of progression. Options include:

•Physical Therapy & Chiropractic: Exercises and chiropractic adjustments may be recommended to strengthen the muscles around the spine, improve posture and relieve pain.

•Observation: Regular check-ups with a physician to monitor the curve in cases where it is mild and not likely to worsen.

• Bracing: In children and adolescents who are still growing, wearing a brace can help prevent further curvature of the spine.

• Surgery: In severe cases, especially when the curvature is progressive and causing symptoms, surgical procedures such as spinal fusion may be considered to straighten and stabilize the spine.

The goal of scoliosis treatment is to help manage any symptoms, rather than cure the condition. Early detection and treatment are crucial in managing scoliosis effectively and can help prevent complications such as chronic pain, respiratory issues, and significant physical deformity. Toronto's Revita Therapy provides a comprehensive treatment program tailored to the individual's specific needs and lifestyle for effectively managing Scoliosis and promoting long-term symptom relief.

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