top of page

Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow is medically known as lateral epicondylitis and is characterized by pain and tenderness on the outside (lateral side) of the elbow. This condition stems from the overuse and strain of the muscles and tendons that extend from the forearm to the elbow joint, specifically at the point where they attach to the lateral epicondyle of the humerus bone. These muscles and tendons are crucial for the movement of the wrist and fingers, facilitating actions such as gripping, lifting, and twisting. When these tendons are overused, small tears and inflammation can develop at the tendon attachment on the lateral epicondyle, leading to the symptoms associated with tennis elbow.

Tennis Elbow Anotomy

Tennis elbow is not limited to athletes and can affect anyone who engages in activities that involve repetitive wrist and arm motions. Common contributing factors include:

  • Repetitive motion activities, such as tennis or other racquet sports, painting, typing, or using tools such as a hammer. 

  • Poor technique or improper equipment use, which can increase stress on the tendons

  • Age-related wear and tear or degeneration of the tendon tissue

  • A sudden increase in the intensity or duration of physical activity

Symptoms of tennis elbow include pain and tenderness around the lateral epicondyle, weakness in the forearm, difficulty in hand and wrist movements, especially when gripping objects or performing twisting motions.

Tennis Elbow Brace

The treatment of tennis elbow focuses on relieving pain, reducing inflammation, and promoting healing of the tendon. Initial management strategies may include:

  • Physical therapy exercises aimed at stretching and strengthening the forearm muscles

  • Brace or strap usage to reduce strain on the affected tendons

  • Ice application to reduce inflammation and swelling

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain relief

  • Rest and avoidance of activities that exacerbate symptoms

  • Techniques to improve wrist and arm movement patterns and ergonomics

In cases where these conservative measures are not effective, further interventions such as corticosteroid injections or platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy may be considered to reduce inflammation and promote tendon healing. For persistent cases that do not respond to conservative treatment, surgical options may be explored to remove the damaged tissue and repair the tendon.

Preventive strategies focusing on proper technique and equipment use, adequate warm-up and conditioning, and gradual progression of activity levels are important to avoid recurrence. Toronto's Revita Therapy provides a comprehensive treatment program tailored to the individual's specific needs and lifestyle for effectively managing Tennis Elbow and promoting long-term recovery.

Start Your Tennis Elbow Program Today 
bottom of page